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[SC] Scheduled Castes Meaning

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scheduled castes meaning in india, who are called scheduled castes, how many schedule castes are there in india
Scheduled Castes Meaning in India

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Scheduled Castes Meaning

Scheduled Castes (SCs) is a term used in India to refer to certain castes or communities who are recognized as socially and economically disadvantaged. These communities are deemed as “Scheduled Castes” based on their historical and social backgrounds of exclusion, and are listed in the Schedule of the Indian Constitution.

Who are called Scheduled Castes?

Article 366(24) of the Constitution of India means “Scheduled Castes” which are deemed to be Scheduled Castes under Article 341 for the purposes of this Constitution.

Article 341(1) of the Constitution of India: The President [may with respect to any State [or Union territory], and where it is a State ****, after consultation with the Governor **** thereof], by public notifications, specify the castes, races or tribes or parts of or groups within castes, races or tribes which shall for the purposes of this Constitution be deemed to be Scheduled Castes in relation to that State [or Union territory, as the case may be.]

Article 341(2) of the Constitution of India: Parliament may by law include in or exclude from the list of Scheduled Castes specified in a notification issued under clause (1) any caste, race or tribe or part of or group within any caste, race or tribe, but save as aforesaid a notification issued under the said clause shall not be varied by any subsequent notification.

Scheduled tribes scheduled castes meaning, article 341(1), article 341(2), Constitution of India
Scheduled tribes article 341(1), article 341(2), Constitution of India

The Scheduled Castes are recognized by the government of India and given certain benefits and protections under various laws and policies. These benefits include reservations in educational institutions and government jobs, special development programs, and legal safeguards against discrimination and exploitation.

How many Schedule Castes are there in India?

As of 2023, there are over 1,200 Scheduled Castes in India, accounting for approximately 16.6% of the country’s population. These communities have faced social discrimination and economic deprivation for centuries, and are often engaged in menial jobs or occupations that are considered “polluting” or “unclean” by the dominant castes. The Indian government has implemented various measures to improve the socio-economic status of the Scheduled Castes, but they still face significant challenges in terms of education, health, and economic opportunities.

FAQ:-

  1. Is Scheduled Caste a lower caste?

    No, Scheduled Castes (SCs) are communities in India historically subjected to social, economic, and political discrimination based on their caste. While the term “lower caste” is often used to refer to them, it is misleading. All castes are equal in status and dignity, and SCs are entitled to special protections and privileges under the law.

  2. Which state has most SC caste?

    According to the 2011 Census in India, Uttar Pradesh has the largest population of Scheduled Castes (SCs) with over 40 million people, followed by West Bengal with over 20 million, and Bihar with over 16 million. These three states have the highest SC population in India.

  3. What is the population of Scheduled Caste in India?

    According to the 2011 Census, the population of Scheduled Castes (SCs) in India was 201 million, which represents about 16.6% of the total population. This number has likely increased since then, but the most recent Census data is not yet available.

  4. What is the percentage of Scheduled Castes?

    According to the 2011 Census, the percentage of Scheduled Castes in India is 16.6%.

Also Read Related Articles:-

  1. All Caste List In India
  2. Other Backward Classes Meaning
  3. Scheduled Tribes Meaning
  4. Caste System in India
  5. How Many Castes Are in India

Hope you have liked the information given in this article – Scheduled Castes Meaning in India, Who are called Scheduled Castes? How many Schedule Castes are there in India? Article 341(1) of the Constitution of India, Article 341(2) of the Constitution of India: Is Scheduled Caste a lower caste? What is Scheduled Castes Meaning in India? What is meant by scheduled caste? Which state has most SC caste? then share it with your friends, relatives, acquaintances on WhatsApp group, Facebook, Telegram group, Twitter and Pinterest and comment below, please give your feedback. Thank you [Reference Constitution of India]

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