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Scheduled Tribes Meaning
Scheduled Tribes (STs) is a term used in India to refer to certain indigenous groups or communities who are recognized as socially and economically marginalized. These communities are deemed as “Scheduled Tribes” based on their distinctive cultural, linguistic, and geographical characteristics, and Why are they called Scheduled Tribes? They are listed in the Schedule of the Indian Constitution. So Called Scheduled Tribes.
Who are called Scheduled Tribes?
Article 366(25) of the Constitution of India mentions Scheduled Tribes as communities that are scheduled as per Article 342 of the Constitution.
Article 342(1) of the Constitution of India: The President [may with respect to any State [or Union territory], and where it is a State, after consultation with the Governor thereof], by public notification, specify the tribes or tribal communities or parts of or groups within tribes or tribal communities which shall for the purposes of this Constitution be deemed to be Scheduled Tribes in relation to that State [or Union territory, as the case may be.]
Article 342(2) of the Constitution of India: Parliament may by law include in or exclude from the list of Scheduled Tribes specified in a notification issued under clause (1) any tribe or tribal community or part of or group within any tribe or tribal community, but save as aforesaid a notification issued under the said clause shall not be varied by any subsequent notification.
The Scheduled Tribes are recognized by the government of India and given certain benefits and protections under various laws and policies. These benefits include reservations in educational institutions and government jobs, special development programs, and legal safeguards against discrimination and exploitation.
How many Schedule tribes are there in India?
As of 2023, there are over 700 Scheduled Tribes in India, accounting for approximately 8.6% of the country’s population. They are mostly concentrated in regions with dense forests, hilly terrains, and other difficult terrains. These communities have unique social and cultural practices, traditional knowledge systems, and economic activities, and are often vulnerable to displacement, exploitation, and other forms of marginalization due to their low social status and limited access to resources. [Read state wise Scheduled Tribes in India All Caste List in India]
Which state has highest Scheduled tribe population in India
As per the Census of India 2011, the state with the highest Scheduled Tribe (ST) population in India is Madhya Pradesh, with over 15 million STs. The state has the highest concentration of STs in the country, with over 21% of its population belonging to ST communities. Other states with a significant ST population include Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, and Tamil Nadu. However, the ST population in these states ranges between 6 million to 10 million, which is significantly lower than the ST population in Madhya Pradesh.
Is Hindu a Scheduled Tribe?
No, Scheduled Tribe communities in India do not follow any religion according to any written scripture. Scheduled Tribes community believe in nature.
Which is largest Scheduled Tribes in India?
The largest Scheduled Tribe in India is the Bhil tribe, with a population of approximately 38% of the total scheduled tribes as per the 2011 Census of India. The Bhil tribes mainly live in the states of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Tripura in India. They have a distinct culture, language, and customs and have played a significant role in the history of the region.
Which State in India is Scheduled Tribe?
There are many states in India where Scheduled Tribes (ST) are present. As of 2023, the states with the highest population of Scheduled Tribes are: Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu. However, it’s important to note that Scheduled Tribes are present in significant numbers in many other states of India as well.
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