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Other Backward Classes Meaning
Other Backward Classes (OBCs) is a term used in India to refer to certain castes or communities who are recognized as socially and educationally backward. These communities are deemed as “Other Backward Classes” based on their social, economic and educational status and are listed in the Central List of OBCs maintained by the Government of India.
The Other Backward Classes are recognized by the government of India and given certain benefits and protections under various laws and policies. These benefits include reservations in educational institutions and government jobs, special development programs, and legal safeguards against discrimination and exploitation.
Who are called Other Backward Classes
The term “backward classes” is mentioned in Articles 15(4), 16(4) and 340(1) of the Constitution of India. Article 15(4) and 16(4) have provided that special provision can be made or special facilities can be given by the state for the welfare of socially and educationally “backward classes”.
Article 15(4) of the Constitution of India: Nothing in this article or in clause (2) of article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and
the Scheduled Tribes.
Article 16(4) of the Constitution of India: Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for the reservation of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens which, in the opinion of the State, is not adequately represented in the services under the State.
Article 340(1) of the Constitution of India: The President may by order appoint a Commission consisting of such persons as he thinks fit to investigate the conditions of socially and educationally backward classes within the territory of India and the difficulties under which they labour and to make recommendations as to the steps that should be taken by the Union or any State to remove such difficulties and to improve their condition and as to the grants that should be made for the purpose by the Union or any State and the conditions subject to which such grants should be made, and the order appointing such Commission shall define the procedure to be followed by the Commission.
How many Other Backward Classes are there in India?
As of 2023, there are over 2,600 communities in India listed as Other Backward Classes, accounting for approximately 52% of the country’s population. These communities have traditionally been socially and economically disadvantaged and face various challenges in terms of education, health, and economic opportunities. The Indian government has implemented various measures to improve the socio-economic status of the Other Backward Classes, including reservation policies, scholarships, and special development programs, but they still face significant challenges in terms of social and economic upliftment.
Is OBC high or low caste?
No, OBC is not high or low caste. The term ‘OBC’ stands for ‘other backward classes’ (castes), used for the first time in the Mandal Commission’s report in 1980. Other Backward Classes (OBCs) are communities in India historically subjected to social, economic, and political discrimination based on their caste. While the term “lower caste” is often used to refer to them, it is misleading. According to constitution of India all castes are equal, no one is high and no one is low.
Who comes under OBC category in India?
The list of OBCs in India varies from state to state, and the central government has also released a list of OBCs, which includes over 2,500 castes and communities. It is important to note that the list of OBCs is not fixed and can be revised from time to time based on the recommendations of the National Commission for Backward Classes. Read Here All Caste List in India.
What is the main problem of OBC?
The main problem of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in India is their social and economic backwardness, caused by historical discrimination and lack of access to resources and opportunities. Despite reservation policies in education and government jobs, OBCs still face discrimination and inadequate representation in public life. They lack access to quality education, healthcare, and basic services, leading to poverty and underdevelopment. Many OBCs are engaged in low-paying and menial jobs, with little job security or prospects for advancement. Apart from this there could be many other problem which needs to be fixed.
Also Read Related Articles:-
- All Caste List In India
- Scheduled Tribes Meaning
- Scheduled Castes Meaning
- Caste System in India
- How Many Castes Are in India
Hope you have liked the information given in this article – Other Backward Classes Meaning in India, Who are called Other Backward Classes? How many Other Backward Classes are there in India? Article 15(4) of the Constitution of India, Article 16(4) of the Constitution of India, Article 340(1) of the Constitution of India, Is Scheduled Caste a lower caste? What is Scheduled Castes Meaning in India? What is meant by scheduled caste? Which state has most SC caste? then share it with your friends, relatives, acquaintances on WhatsApp group, Facebook, Telegram group, Twitter and Pinterest and comment below, please give your feedback. Thank you [Reference Constitution of India]